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    March 17, 2013
    11:00 - 12:00am PDT  

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♪ >> this is al jazeera. ♪ >> welcome to the "newshour." i'm at the news center in doha. these are the top stories. out of control? leaders around the world gather to tackle the global arms trade. myanmar president makes a landmark trip to australia, the first in nearly 40 years. [speaking in foreign language] >> all the citizens of cyprus know we're in an emergency situation. >> addressing an angry and anxious nation, the president of cypress tries to explain why a bailout is necessary to avoid bankruptcy.
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>> rape, cover-up, and a fall from grace. a guilty verdict for two high school star athletes for sexually assaulting a teenage girl in the u.s. >> welcome to al jazeera. after a failed attempt last year, nations will once again try to come up with a treaty that will for the first time regulate the multibillion dollar arms trade. diplomats from around the world will begin talks at the united nations on monday in an effort to stop the sale of illegal weapons. james baze looks ahead to the meeting. >> across the world, eight million new guns and other small arms are produced every single year. the arms trade is a massive global business and much of it is conducted secretly and illegally.
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now nations are trying to agree on a treaty that would for the first time ever regulate arms exports. >> it will mean that irresponsible, legal, but irresponsible trade in arms can be addressed by the international community in a more effective way and that the illegal trade in arms will become a much more difficult exercise than it has been so far. >> a former child soldier, one of the so-called lost boys of sudan has come to the u.n. to add his voice to the debate. he says nations must speak out against the arms trade by signing this treaty. >> silence in itself is violence. if you know, if you're turning a blind eye of any situation, you actually are committing a crime. those are committing the atrocities and those turning a blind eye on it. here they have the power to turn everything around. >> the big question being asked
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in the other doers of the u.n., what positions will they take? they're keeping their card close to their chest. eight months ago when the treaty was lost on the table, the u.s. postponed things saying they needed more time to study the details. there will be 10 days of hard negotiations. if a treaty is to be signed, it has to happen before the end of this month. james baze, al jazeera, at the united nations. >> let's take a closer look at the flow of the international weapons trade. we begin with the biggest exporters. nearly a 1/3 of weapons worldwide come from the united states where russia is the second largest exporter with a 1/4 of the global volume. germany becomes a distant third selling 70% of arms worldwide. where does it all go? the biggest importers are in asia, india tops the list buying 12% of the world's weapons. china is the next largest at 6:00% and pakistan and north
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korea each export 5% of all manufactured arms. we're with the stockholm international peace research institute. this independent body looks at the global arms trade and joins me live from new york. paul, does anyone really know what the size of the global arms trade is and just how much of that is illegal? >> it's a very good question, very difficult to answer. some states do provide information about the financial value of their arms sales but this effort makes it a challenge to say a definite figure of how much the global arms trade amounts to. we estimate at least $50 billion but could be much more. in terms of how much of that is illegal, as we're discussing here in the u.n. niece next two weeks, we're hopeful we'll have a much clearer definition at the moment the u.n. arms embargo is decided by the security council and the laws and regulations that define what is legal or illegal in
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regards to the national arms trade. >> you talk about the meeting at the u.n. we know the u.n. arms treaty has been delayed before. how confident are you the countries involved will come to any kind of significant agreement this time around? >> i think it's a challenge but i think one of the big clouds of july, that the presidential elections here in the u.s. has been lifted. and i think the u.s. will come with a very constructive position, having had time now, as requested, to study the document and make proposals to strengthen it. the challenge will be we're having a negotiation between 193 states who have raised different interests with regards to the arms trade and i think trying to find compromises that still produce a strong treaty will be where the challenge will be. it could be possible, there could be an agreement but could be a question of will that treaty make a difference? that will be a crucial element to discuss and consider during these two weeks. >> what about ongoing conflicts
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like the war in syria, for instance, whether or not the rebels should be armed? how do these conflicts play into those talks in new york? >> i think that's going to be a very interesting question. in the past a lot of civil society campaigners have pointed out the role played by russia, china and iran because they're supplying the government force there is and hoping the arms treaty will stop or there will be a way to stop those transfers taking place. as we've seen with the u.k. and france speaking about the lifting of the u.n. arms embargo and whether to supply, it could open a can of worms in the negotiations. many states called for the a.t.t. to actually include a prohibition of arms unless authorized by governments. an oddity that wouldn't happen in the syrian case and could make things a lot more complicated in the next two weeks if that issue is brought up again. >> one of the big players is
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asia. it is a huge market for the arms trade and becoming increasingly militarized. how do disputes from north korea affect the trade? >> i think in the asian market, what we've seen is china and india, two major regional powers, has major importers there and south korea as well and singapore. what we're seeing are countries seeking to obviously boost their own national security forces but also the desire in those countries to develop their own arms industry. many of the items we're seeing being delivered we're seeing assembled in these countries with significant components being imported for indigenous production. so obviously the security angle as you mentioned there and territory disputes and concerns with regards to a number of countries but also is a desire for these countries to import technologies and become exporters and see that with
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china becoming the fifth largest exporter and importer as well and there are other countries in that region also looking to becoming exporters themselves. >> thanks very much indeed for talking to al jazeera. australia is increasing aid and rade links with myanmar. gill arrested made the announcement after meeting thein sein. he's myanmar's first lead tore visit in decades. this is the first visit by a myanmar head of state for nearly 40 years and has been a long time. that's thein sein hoping to achieve from this visit? >> it's been a very long time. 1974 was the last time a president from myanmar, or as it was then burma visited australia. more than anything, it's a symbolic moment, a further recognition the head of state is being welcomed into the international community, and
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the regional player in was trail yeah stood beside him and said what was happening in his country was remarkable as he paid tribute to him personally for driving that progress through. i think all that is very symbolically and important but there are practical implications as well, as you say the normalizing of economic relations between australia and myanmar is very high on the agenda. julian gill arrested reiterated $100 -- julian gilliard reiterated strengthening economic ties. gillard points out there is plenty of opportunity in myanmar and something she wants to see taken further. sanctions largely were lifted last june by the foreign minister when he made a trip to the country. but those sanction liftings are going further still and there is talk of defense corporation
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between australia and myanmar atache being se connected. these links are building and not to say all angeses -- sanctions will be lifted but will remain some of those. it's a gradual process but an important relationship in this region. >> even though this visit underlines the intentions between the west and myanmar, there are still some serious questions about human rights in the country. >> that's right. only last week the u.n. brought out a support saying the progress towards human rights normalization in myanmar was patchy. they talked about 250 political prisoners still stuck in jails around the country, 200,000 people in refugee camps as a result of fighting mainly between muslim and buddhists in the country. and julia gillard pointed out
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in the short press conference she held, some of the money coming to myanmar is conditional on improving human rights in the country. $20 million worth of increased aid was announced for the country but that is largely going to be spent on training the bureaucrats in myanmar on its -- on human rights and making sure that becomes part of the culture in that country. that is what some of that money is targeted towards. i would just say julia gillard, very keen to normalize relationships but wants to make sure, five times she mentioned in that press conference that that money comes with strings attached. >> andrew, thank you. now, it was either bankruptcy or a painful bailout package. the cypriot president addressed his country to explain why he accepted a controversial plan which includes taxing people's savings and promised to amend some of the provisions to protect small depositers.
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they're meeting monday to discuss the tax many say are disastrous. >> attempting to drain their savings before the government takes a cut. but these anxious investors were a day late. >> i saw people withdrawing money on saturday and told myself let's do it later. then there were no money. all the cash points were empty. >> beaten by the thousands at the a.t.m. machines across the country, the public could be funding the country's financial bailout. banks put in place withdrawal limits but did nothing to deter would-be cash grabbers. under the deal, anyone with a bank deposit in cypress will be taxed. that means everyone who is less than $130,000 in the bank will pay a one-time tax of 6.75%. anyone with more than that in savings will pay 9.9%. someone with $150,000 in the bank will be forced to give the
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government nearly $15,000. tonight the president of cypress spoke to the country, urging acceptance of the bailout in the interest of the nation. >> whatever contribution is made is not a complete loss because bonds will be offered to people for half of their contributions. the state recognizes its obligations. those who keep their main deposits in the bank for two years will get the bonds linked from revenue for natural gas deposits. it's not just cypress that should be worried. they account for 40% of bank deposits and most are from nonresident russians. those alone amount to more than $32 billion. >> it's a lose-lose situation. there will be a huge withdrawal from cypriot banks with or without a levee. >> if they decide to reject the bailout, and bearing in mind
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the mood of anger and betrayal of the people here, that is indeed possible. then cypress will default in its owns in may and may well crash out of the euro. peter sharp, al jazeera, in cypress. >> jabe -- jacob is a senior fellow at the institute of economics. i asked him about the impact of the levee on other european troubled countries. >> i don't think this is a measure that has a particular president setting effect because there's a couple of unique features about cypress that makes it necessary. first of all, there's the size of the cypriot banking system. then there is the fact the capital structure of these banks rely almost exclusively on bank deposits. there are, so to speak, no bank bondholders you can bail in. that's why you go where the money is and why you go after the depositers. >> i don't think there's any
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doubt the cypriots are angry right now and they should be angry at their government and their banks. but we should remember that cypress is going to get a bailout of about $10 billion euros, that is 60% of cypriot g.d.p. and is considerably more than ireland or portugal or greece received as part of their bailout so it's not a matter that cypress won't get solidarity, if you like, from the rest of the euro area. hat the levy reflects is cypress' financing need are so humongous, something extraordinary was necessary to bring it down. >> it was a case that attracted international attention through social media and sparked outrage. in the u.s. state of ohio, two high school football players have been found guilty of raping a drunk teenage girl. we now get a report. >> i had no intention to do it.
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>> convicted of rape. the 16-year-old malik richmond breaks down apologizing to the teenage victim and the community of steubenville. >> both defendants are hereby adjudicated delinquent beyond a reasonable down. >> the judge sentenced him to a year in juvenile detention. his 17-year-old co-defendant, trenton mays will serve a minimum of two and could be locked up until the age of 21. the case divided steubenville between those who feel the pair was charged too quickly and those who want to end a culture that allows successful high school football players to act as they please. the story made headlines across the u.s. and around the world after video, pictures, and tweets from the night went viral on social media. >> she's deader than a door nail. >> the activist group anonymous said she is barely conscious after too much to drink. >> the victim's mother told her
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the rapists i did played a lack of any moral code. >> your decision affected countless lives including those dear to you. you were your own accuser through the social media you chose to produce your conduct on. this does not who my daughter is. she will persevere, grow and move on. >> a lawyer for the victim's family says the whole ordeal has been a trial within a group of school friends. >> it meant new friend for her and meant a loss of friend for her, also. i think she's just trying to put that together and have a good teenage years. >> some people have criticized state officials for not casting a wider net in their investigation after sentencing, ohio's attorney general called for a grand jury to be convened in april to investigate whether anyone else should be charged. >> this investigation simply cannot be completed. we cannot bring finalt -- finality to this matter without the convening after grand jury.
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>> among the evidence the grand jury will have to weigh, almost 400,000 text messages, 300,000 pictures and 900 videos. the grand jury will begin its work sometime in april. al jazeera, washington. >> katy hannah is the executive director of an organization called higher alliance to end sexual "lens and told us the role social media plays in the case. >> social media in this case is a double-edged sword. for the victim when she testified, sitting in the courtroom and to hear her say she learned what happened through social media and had no memory of what happened and was substantially impaired. it was rape. to hear about a crime committed against her after the whole world had seen what happened to her is completely devastating. social media propelled this case into the spotlight in a way that provided evidence. you had text messages, eyewitness accounts and photos. and to be able to present that evidence and to prosecute drug
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facilitated sexual assault sets a new precedent. others feel they can come forward and be believe and supported. her voice is one voice but it's a voice for many. by her coming forward and by the verdict that was delivered today, it tells survivors everywhere that we believe you. you can come forward and we know this happens far too often in every community all across ohio, across the nation and around the world. >> still to come here on the "newshour" we'll tell you about the new york police departments stopping the search party and will face its biggest legal challenge. four refugees from the korean war. it's a tourist attraction and we'll hear the latest on moves to make south korea's architecture more pretty. and no stopping lionel messi making history yet again.
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>> people in berlin are fighting to save some of the berlin wall. developers are planning to knock down some of the cold war symbols that protesters say should be kept as a monument. after dividing the east and west of the city for 28 years, the wall officially came down in november of 1989. two sections of the wall were left standing and in 1990, a 1.3 kilometer stretch was decorated with murals known as the east side gallery. developers want to remove a 22 meter stretch of the gallery to make way for new apartments and a foot bridge. we get a report. >> the remains of the berlin wall and its infamous death strip follow the river spray on land that's a developer's dream. empty riverfront property in the german capital. in a city deep in debt, the project to tear down part of the wall to build a pricey apartment complex here of what's called the east side gallery proved too tempting.
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the government accepted the construction of a multistory building right behind the gallery's murals, meaning some of them would have to be torn down. public opposition is gathering steam. >> of course i'm against taking the thing down. there are two reasons for not taking it down. first of all, it has turned into a work of art and secondly, because it is the remains of a particular period of german history, that it should not be taken down. >> in germy, it's a part of its history and i don't want to forget this. it's a very important part for me, too. >> and the save berlin wall movement got a sprinkling of stardust on sunday. >> thank you very much for having you us. >> in the form of the one time star of the tv show "baywatch." >> this last piece of the wall is really sacred. it's the last memorial to the people who died and to the percent veerns of freedom. it's the last place where
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people can come and talk and communicate about what happened. >> having the former "baywatch" star involved may not change things overnight but is likely to involve many more berliners in what could be called wall watch. al jazeera, berlin. >> a palestinian prisoner who had been on a long hunger strike had been given a hero's welcome in the gaza strip after being released from an israeli jail. he arrived at a hospital in gaza city and was freed under the condition he not leave gaza the next 10 years. he was originally released from prison in 2011 but rearrested last year, accused of breaching his relief terms by contacting hamas. at least 1,000 other palestinians were also freed years ith iman but two ago, under israeli law can be sent back to jail based on secret evidence. the lawyers are fighting the law in the supreme court. we now have a report from the
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occupied west bank. >> this father and son work quietly, thinking about who is missing. his other son has been arrested again by the israeli army. the family says yousouf was trying to start a new life but the army wouldn't let him. >> they'd call him up from 8:00 in the morning to 8:00 in the evening and wouldn't ask him anything. they'd just have him sitting, waiting. every day they'd do this. >> there were 40 palestinians released under the swap deal. two of them have been arrested again and may end up having to serve out the remainder of their old sentence. more than 1,000 palestinian prisoners were exchanged for the israeli soldier. but many have been arrested again based on secret evidence. >> they don't provide any concrete evidence that those people broke the law or acted against israel or the security but rather rely on secret evidence. don't know if it was credible
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or who submitted it or if it was checked. >> the prisonner deal was negotiated by hamas and israel and guaranteed by egypt. israel says they have the right to arrest them again. >> when people are released there is a list of conditions and it's made clear to them on the day they're released. >> at the farm he enjoyed spending time with his brother. >> he would milwaukee the cows with me and we'd feed them together and ride horses, joke, and then laugh together. >> abdul wants all his sons working beside him but may be five years before he is freed. nicole johnson, in the occupied west bank. >> one of syrian president bashar al-assad has defected to the opposition. these pictures appear to show the brigadier general making
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his escape to jordan with help of the opposition. activists say he was the army's logistic chief. in other news, they say they've captured a weapons depot in aleppo. most of the ammunition had been removed. the iranian made weapons also were reportedly found. elsewhere in syria, government forces are said to have been shelling the suburb of the capital damascus. human rights watch said they identified at least 119 locations across the country where cluster bombs have been used the past six months. if syria's civil war continues, thousands have had to leave their homes behind and seek refuge in other countries. 35,000 team is -- people is living in one camp. but they decided to make the most of their situation and
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learn new skills. >> being here is hard enough. many are left with no income, relying on name and living under constant stress. but the camp officials are offering some comfort. they're providing classes for women to learn new skills and hundreds have registered. mach medical and his wife have five mohammad and his wife have five children. >> it's good to get out of the house and change the atmosphere and mood. it's good to make money. i can make things and sell them and buy what i need. >> they teach these women the art of netting and weaving and says this process helps improve the woman's psychology. >> this purse helps pass time and get rid of the stress they live under. it's like therapy for them. they learn to produce very beautiful things and helped rehabilitate them.
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>> spending up to seven hours a day making sure each threat is in its quiet -- right place. >> he they started making handmade rugs and once they finish making it, they pay around $55 to $110 u.s. dollars and that depends on the size of the rug. >> it's a small step but will make a little difference for many forced into exile. >> still to come on the al jazeera news hour, we'll tell you how the new pope surprised many of the vatican just before sunday prayer. and celebrating the end of winter and the beginning of why dox link in russia and more russians are turning sports spirtuality. and the pittsburgh penguins are becoming the dominant force in the 2348. tay with us.
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that >> hello again. good to have you back. we're watching what's happening in parts of japan. we did see a lot of rain as we entered the day on monday. most of the rain is making its way out here towards the pacific. what will be left is some warmer air and we'll see tokyo at 20, osaka at 17 and will be alkeido.wy here near we make our way to india, in terms of clouds and rain, it won't be too much of a problem. we'll see the temperatures across the central part of the subcontinent fairly warm at 36 degrees and may slightly start to go up as we make our way towards tuesday. new delhi, warm down here at 32 but towards columbo it will be dry and sunny and we expect 32
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degrees for you as well. in doha the wind will switch around and means for us our temperatures will come down as well, too. on monday, a 31-degree day for us. as we go to tuesday it will come down to 29. abu dhabi, you'll see 31. and quickly over here towards parts of turkey, very heavy know and rain will be a problem. we see a rds akra cool 9 degrees. >> welcome back. a quick reminder of our top stories on al jazeera. diplomats around the world have been meeting at the u.n. to try to come up with the first ever global arms trade treaty. the first round of talks failed when the u.s. and other countries asked for more time to review. australia said it's boosting
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aid and trade links with myanmar after an official visit was made by the myanmar's president. and the cypress president said accepting the bailout package is a less painful option to void bankruptcy. now, the new york city police practice of stopping, questioning, and frisking people on the street is about to face its biggest legal challenge. a civil rights group is taking the police to court and claims the so-called stop and frisk policy targets minorities. >> in this east new york city neighborhood, crime and poverty are rampant but many young men say it's the new york police department they fear the most. >> how are you doing? >> i'm cool. >> all right, all right, all right. >> in fact, some were afraid to give their last names when describing their dealings with police. >> what's going on, leo? >> all right. how are you doing? >> i've had guns pointed out on me just based on the fact of my
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appearance, you know. stop and frisk, numerous times in one day, never find anything. it's just ongoing harassment, it seems. >> david has always been stopped and searched or frisked in his neighborhood of manhattan. >> it's scary, you know. when it's happening, it's embarrassing. the fear is always there. >> it's an issue i've been dealing with since i was 15, and it hurts. >> he is one of the people now suing the police over their stop and search tactics which have been well-documented by neighborhood groups. the lawsuit accuses police of violating the u.s. constitution that prohibits unreasonable searches. >> the officer has to have what's called reasonable suspicion of criminal activity. and it's our firm belief and we think the evidence will show that in hundreds of thousands of cases each year, the police department and the officers do
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not have reasonable suspicion when they stop new yorkers on the street. >> the lawsuit also argues that police are illegally targeting minorities. police say 87% of those stopped and frisked are either black or hispanic. while those groups make up just 53% of the city's population. 6% of those stopped are arrested while less than 2% are found to have a gun or other contraband. still, city officials say the searches are a regular part of police work and credit the policy with helping to bring down crime. >> they take hundred of guns off the street each year. the possibility of a stop is what scares the would-be bad guys into not carrying guns. >> that argument could be central in this case but previous courts have ruled that prime prevention is not a legitimate reason to violate basic rights. christian salumi, al jazeera,
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new york. >> voters in the peruvian capital lima are casting ballots on their controversial mayor and the referendum could have an impact on the next presidential race in 2016. >> suzannea is the first female mayor in peru's 500 years. she is the first fighting to keep her job. the city's $6 million will determine if the leader stays or goes in a referendum ballot that's split down the middle. >> i don't think she live up to the expectations i had in her in the last election. >> it's a political problem and realistically in two years you can't get the results that are being demanded. >> since coming to office in 2010, she's tried to clean up lima by going after cartels who control the transport system
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and regulating the economy of street vendors. they've been deeply unpopular among the war and have become fodder in a campaign to drive her out. >> the process underway is tainted with aggression, lies, distortion, misinformation, manipulation, and even worse, insult at my condition as a woman. it's injuring our citizens and causing negative visions. >> the recall vote is believed to be spearheaded by a former mayor looking for a comeback. he denies those allegations but controls the capital with significant influence as politicians jockey for power ahead of the elections. al jazeera. >> in southwestern colombia, soldiers conducted a raid in the jungle and seized nearly four tons of cocaine. they say they were hided and the confiscated cocaine had a
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street value of nearly 90 million dollars. 150,000 people have attended the first sunday prayers delivered by the new pope. before that, in an apparent break of precision and protocol, he met the faithful at ground level walking through the streets in st. annesa's church and spent 15 minutes to speak to catholics before leaving to give his annual meeting. it's been three weeks since the prayer was delivered from st. peter's square. and because of the flags thrown, there's been a significant shift towards latin america. the colors of peru, ecuador and peru were prominent but the blue and white colors of argentina, the home country of pope francis which dominated the spectrum. >> i am proud not just because of he is argentinian but because he represents latin america. it shows we're not just happy
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people dancing the tango but that we also have intelligent and cultured people. >> much has been made of the new pope's personal charisma and his address was delivered with a light touch and too humorous anecdotes but his central theme was the importance of forgiveness. >> our father has mercy and a lot of patience. god does not get tired of forgiving us. we should not get tired of asking him to forgive us. >> four days into his new role and it's clear pope francis has the personality to win over a large crowd, perhaps not surprising given the large number of latin americans here in st. peter's square. to get to grabs with the task ahead, we require authority and determination. >> i hope he can clean up the italian church and to do that he needs to stay healthy because he needs to remain strong and be in good health whatever happens. >> on tuesday world leaders
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will gather in rome to attend the pope's formal installation mass. what will he say to them about the world's conflicts and poverty and how does he intend to tackle the thorny subject of putting the vatican's own house in order? these issues are get to be addressed. paul brennan, back to you. >> pope francis isn't only just ahead of the catholic church but in charge of the world's smallest country. we get an explanation how life works in the vatican city. when visitors go past these barriers they drop from idally to the vatican city. >> we have a passport but it's not for everyone. all the cardinals hold one and then there are some bishops who are basically our ambassadors. they carry it only when they're n an official mission.
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>> about 800 350e78 live behind these walls. pope francis is a new resident of this functional state. the vatican survives from their museum and also owns a international real estate empire beyond its boundaries, a collection of buildings in prime locations around the world, many of course in rome. the nation is also a considerable source of cash collected by its own financial institution, the vatican bank. >> the only clients are priests, nuns, officials of the vatican. a very tiny sort of people. second, they don't lend money, they just collect money from all around the world. the problem is that sometimes we don't understand who is giving and for what goal. >> pope francis has been hailed by catholics as a man of cause. when the cardinals elected him, he came from a mission noted
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for its boldness. he hasn't chosen his insignia yet but many hope it will we reflect -- reflect the qualities to bring order in his new house. >> russians have celebrated the end of winter and now lint. religions, agan they consumed vast quantities of pancakes. more russians are embracing christianity. we get a report now. >> it's a time of prayer for russia's orthodox faithful. a preparation for lint, a holy eriod of abstinence. there are many churches shuttered. now the towns are pilgrimages for russia's increasingly
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spiritual society. >> newcomers found their place n life through the church. >> and it is also famous for its festival, a chance for everyone to feast, while others fast. >> the most important thing is, of course, is the spiritual development rather than simply dieting. people should go to church, rad read the bible, think about their sins, their soles -- souls and confess and with a clean soul you can break your fast. >> age old traditions attract the croused. some had come to watch. others to take part. >> we are very happy to be here. it's our all slavic land. we're going to different churches here and we wanted to be together for lint. together there is ritual
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strength. >> the festival calls for joy and laughter before the serious business of lint begins. >> it's not only a british festival, it's about having fun. > then the final pagan burning to banish winter and hasten spring's' return. faith and tradition enduring in the heart of russia. south korea's rabid economic boon left the country looking like a concrete jungle. they aim to preserve the old and introduce new concepts. >> to look down on south korea's vast capital city is certainly to be impressed, home to 10 million people, it can seem endless but also monochrome and often rigid.
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during the industrial rise, the living spaces were reshaped, often into grids of massive concrete. it's a situation that for years preoccupied one of south korea's most celebrated arc techs. > i need some company. ere are lots of memories >> that's why he bid successfully to manage the redevelopment of this rundown neighborhood in fourth down soul. he said cities should evolve and not dictated by the urban master plans of central government. here the old buildings will go ut the pathways and boundaries will remain. >> i like to keep it. >> the fact he's been given this opportunity, it's evident that views like his are gaining attraction. government money is being used in another project at the
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opposite end of the country in busan. clinging to a steep hillside above south korea's second city, he carried the stigma of slum status, springing up as refugees from the korean war. now it's a tourist attraction, gaining nearly 100,000 visitors a year and has been turned into an arts neighborhood, one that relies on the efforts of its inhabitants. esidents here have a fun sense and they painted with the color they wanted. when artists came, they added the drawings. >> lisa has lived here almost all her life. >> i feel good that lots of people come. it's been three years since this 10-year long project started. there is still more room for change. >> the winding steps and alleyways make for an old-fashioned atmosphere but most of the visitors here have grown use to rife in the northern grids and comes as a
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elcomeed activity. >> europe's active volcano has been erupted again. on the island of italy it spent red lava in the sky. people below the volcano are not thought to be in danger but provided them with a spectacular view. the volume taino has been interrupting continuously. there's been activity in all ut one of the past 12 years. >> the united arab emirates opened the world's largest concentrated solar power plant and cost $00 million and three years to build and is expected to provide electricity to 20,000 homes. it aims to help the middle east become a center for renewable energy. still to come here on the newshour --
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>> we'll tell you why this colony of penguins in argentina could be under threat. and we'll see a sweet strike. stay with us. ♪
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♪ >> welcome back. now it's breeding season for the penguins of argentina. each year they migrate to the same part of southern argentina at the same time to have their chicks. as we get a report, from the island, their future is now under threat. >> it is one of the largest penguin colonies in the world. around one million of them gather every year between september and april in the
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southern province. here they mate and build their nests and care for their chicks. but those working in the area are concerned that the penguins do not have enough food. we are seeing fewer and fewer penguin chicks. we believe it is hunger, when there is a chick, one parent goes to fish and the other one stays. they genuinely come back in one week. but this year we noticed they go and takes them weeks to come back and if they don't, the other parent goes and the chick dies. >> those who do make it back feed their chicks by regurgitating some of tear hard earned catch. penguins have to go further and further away to find food. one of the biggest threats they face come from the fishing chips that capture the anchovies and squid they eat. the plastic containers that can be found everywhere along the coast come from the ships.
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another danger is oil that washes up from offshore rigs. it makes it hard for the penguins to stay warm and spend less time fishing in these cold waters. >> this is oil. if i touch the feathers and you smell it, it is oil. what's serious about this, when the chicks are here, there are ore dinners and the adults don't eat well and the chicks die. >> there's no figures about how many have died but the survival rate could be as close as 15%. authorities are considering ways to protect the penguin's habitat. protect the g to marine habitat. and protects them. we have to protect the source of food for the animals and we are trying to find way to protect them.
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>> thousands of tourists come every year to see the penguins and are a key source of income place.s remote protecting them would be a challenge for the generations to come. >> let's get a check on the sports news now. >> thank you very much. lionel messi broke more records as barcelona opened up a 13-point lead over real, madrid, in spain. messi set up for the open after 25 minutes, he returned the favor, 15 minutes later. from his first goal. the argentine became the first player to score 32 goals in a top league. it was a master bees from the player of the year and 3-1 to arca, the final.
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and it gives them a 2-0 win. it went in the 56th minute. he doubled his tally, in the 49th minute finished as a close rang. it now puts the gap one point behind second place real adrid. at halftime, the homicide was two up. then the special one that made it the final score. hey go down in 11. a surprising 2-0 defeat. he pounced on his escape for the goalkeeper. they pressed for the equalizer but said garcia finished off a sweeping move. and now they're in sixth place.
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a.c. milan bounced back from the midweek exit of the champions league by keeping the leaders in sight in syria while they wanted an early penalty, allowing balanceo tellie to score his first of -- balotelli to score his first of several goals. he is two points behind the second place napoli. they haven't won in 16 games. there was a thrilling match against genoa. the homicide took a first half castini's goal made it 3-2 on the homicide. they will play argentina in january. after beating parma, they
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scored early. the lead was doubled. 2-0 the final score. ro, ma goes to intermilan. > in the english league, chelsea-tottenham. frank lampard opened the score against his former club. his 200 goal for chelsea puts him within three of becoming the club's leading scorer in his history. that's called a solo goal to make it 2-2. westham is now six points above the strike zone. the spurs were beaten on sunday. they can beat newcastle with an injury goal. >> greek football player has been banned from life for all
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national teams after giving a nazi salute during a match in the greek lead. the striker gave the salute on a celebrating goal saturday. a insalt.t is he apologized, pleading ignorance about the meaning of the salute. women's world tennis number three maria sharapova won the indian wells title. beating caroline wozniacki in straight sets for her first title of the year. the men have been battling out for the title. rafa nadal has beaten del potro to the title. nadal fought back to level the match in a decider until he won. that's a record breaking 27 onths it tie for the spaniard.
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>> the lotus driver won the grand free on sunday and started seventh on the grid. we have a report. >> the argentina, in 1978 was the last time the team bearing the name of lotus toasted a race victory. but his crew chief said give him the right car, he's a match for anyone. starting from the pole position they thought sebastian would cruise to victory but was held n check by the two-fer aris of alonzo and masser. the race was having a big effect on the tires and the victory procession neve materialized. the race being led by seven different drivers. weather would always be a factor. and the track conditions were far from easy.
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but this was the grand prix that will be decided by tactics and will be lotus team one step ahead throughout the race. their two-stop strategy allowed them to take the lead for the second time. it was a lead he would not relinquish. he played his 20th grand agree victory and second since returning to the sport last season. >> i had doubts because tights the first race and you don't know how it will go or what the times will be. i didn't do any long runs in the winter but i knew i had a good car. >> and the second and third place will sure to be fighting it out and will look over their shoulder. he's still one of the fastest men. >> the penguins are in control at the top of the nhl eastern conference after getting their ninth straight win. they beat the boston bruins 2-1 on home ice. sidney crosby got his 13th goal of the season as the penguins
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took the lead. he's leveled by the bruins but oe vitali got the goals. and we'll have more later on. >> that's it for me. and have more news the top of the hour.
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